Indian types of ethical and philosophical Buddhism did not easily find
acceptance in China; it took centuries of contact before a distinctively Chinese
adaptation of Buddhism was effected that proved to be congenial to Chinese soil.
This Chinese type of Buddhism is called Ch'an in China, and Zen in Japan, and
Zen seems to be the more familiar name for it in America and Europe. Other sects
have risen and decreased but they proved to be more or less exotic, they never
became indigenous as did Zen. An exception may be suspected in the case of the
Pure Land Sects, but it should be remembered that